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pm.c

/****************************************************************************
*
*                   SciTech OS Portability Manager Library
*
*  ========================================================================
*
*    The contents of this file are subject to the SciTech MGL Public
*    License Version 1.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file
*    except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of
*    the License at http://www.scitechsoft.com/mgl-license.txt
*
*    Software distributed under the License is distributed on an
*    "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or
*    implied. See the License for the specific language governing
*    rights and limitations under the License.
*
*    The Original Code is Copyright (C) 1991-1998 SciTech Software, Inc.
*
*    The Initial Developer of the Original Code is SciTech Software, Inc.
*    All Rights Reserved.
*
*  ========================================================================
*
* Language:     ANSI C
* Environment:  16/32 bit DOS
*
* Description:  Implementation for the OS Portability Manager Library, which
*               contains functions to implement OS specific services in a
*               generic, cross platform API. Porting the OS Portability
*               Manager library is the first step to porting any SciTech
*               products to a new platform.
*
****************************************************************************/

#include "pmapi.h"
#include "drvlib/os/os.h"
#include "ztimerc.h"
#include "mtrr.h"
#include "pm_help.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <dos.h>
#include <conio.h>
#ifdef  __GNUC__
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/nearptr.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#else
#include <direct.h>
#endif
#ifdef  __BORLANDC__
#pragma warn -par
#endif

/*--------------------------- Global variables ----------------------------*/

typedef struct {
    int     oldMode;
    int     old50Lines;
    } DOS_stateBuf;

#define MAX_RM_BLOCKS   10

static struct {
    void    *p;
    uint    tag;
    } rmBlocks[MAX_RM_BLOCKS];

static uint     VESABuf_len = 1024;     /* Length of the VESABuf buffer     */
static void     *VESABuf_ptr = NULL;    /* Near pointer to VESABuf          */
static uint     VESABuf_rseg;           /* Real mode segment of VESABuf     */
static uint     VESABuf_roff;           /* Real mode offset of VESABuf      */
static void     (PMAPIP fatalErrorCleanup)(void) = NULL;
ushort _VARAPI  _PM_savedDS = 0;
#ifdef  DOS4GW
static ulong    PDB = 0,*pPDB = NULL;
#endif
#ifndef REALMODE
static char     VXD_name[] = PMHELP_NAME;
static char     VXD_module[] = PMHELP_MODULE;
static char     VXD_DDBName[] = PMHELP_DDBNAME;
static uint     VXD_version = -1;
static uint     VXD_loadOff = 0;
static uint     VXD_loadSel = 0;
uint _VARAPI    _PM_VXD_off = 0;
uint _VARAPI    _PM_VXD_sel = 0;
int _VARAPI     _PM_haveCauseWay = -1;

/* Memory mapping cache */

#define MAX_MEMORY_MAPPINGS 100
typedef struct {
    ulong   physical;
    ulong   linear;
    ulong   limit;
    } mmapping;
static mmapping     maps[MAX_MEMORY_MAPPINGS] = {0};
static int          numMaps = 0;

/* Page sized block cache */

#define PAGES_PER_BLOCK     100
#define FREELIST_NEXT(p)    (*(void**)(p))
typedef struct pageblock {
    struct pageblock    *next;
    struct pageblock    *prev;
    void                *freeListStart;
    void                *freeList;
    void                *freeListEnd;
    int                 freeCount;
    } pageblock;
static pageblock    *pageBlocks = NULL;
#endif

/* Start of all page tables in CauseWay */

#define CW_PAGE_TABLE_START (1024UL*4096UL*1023UL)

/*----------------------------- Implementation ----------------------------*/

/* External assembler functions */

ulong   _ASMAPI _PM_getPDB(void);
int     _ASMAPI _PM_pagingEnabled(void);
void    _ASMAPI _PM_VxDCall(VXD_regs *regs,uint off,uint sel);

#ifndef REALMODE
/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Exit function to unload the dynamically loaded VxD
****************************************************************************/
static void UnloadVxD(void)
{
    PMSREGS     sregs;
    VXD_regs    r;

    r.eax = 2;
    r.ebx = 0;
    r.edx = (uint)VXD_module;
    PM_segread(&sregs);
#ifdef  __16BIT__
    r.ds = ((ulong)VXD_module) >> 16;
#else
    r.ds = sregs.ds;
#endif
    r.es = sregs.es;
    _PM_VxDCall(&r,VXD_loadOff,VXD_loadSel);
}

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
External function to call the PMHELP helper VxD.
****************************************************************************/
void PMAPI PM_VxDCall(
    VXD_regs *regs)
{
    if (_PM_VXD_sel != 0 || _PM_VXD_off != 0)
      _PM_VxDCall(regs,_PM_VXD_off,_PM_VXD_sel);
}

/****************************************************************************
RETURNS:
BCD coded version number of the VxD, or 0 if not loaded (ie: 0x202 - 2.2)

REMARKS:
This function gets the version number for the VxD that we have connected to.
****************************************************************************/
uint PMAPI PMHELP_getVersion(void)
{
    VXD_regs    r;

    /* Call the helper VxD to determine the version number */
    if (_PM_VXD_sel != 0 || _PM_VXD_off != 0) {
      memset(&r,0,sizeof(r));
      r.eax = API_NUM(PMHELP_GETVER);
      _PM_VxDCall(&r,_PM_VXD_off,_PM_VXD_sel);
      return VXD_version = (uint)r.eax;
      }
    return VXD_version = 0;
}

/****************************************************************************
DESCRIPTION:
Connects to the helper VxD and returns the version number

RETURNS:
True if the VxD was found and loaded, false otherwise.

REMARKS:
This function connects to the VxD (loading it if it is dynamically loadable)
and returns the version number of the VxD.
****************************************************************************/
static ibool PMHELP_connect(void)
{
    PMREGS      regs;
    PMSREGS     sregs;
    VXD_regs    r;

    /* Bail early if we have alread connected */
    if (VXD_version != -1)
      return VXD_version != 0;

    /* Get the static SDDHELP.VXD entry point if available */
    PM_segread(&sregs);
    regs.x.ax = 0x1684;
    regs.x.bx = SDDHELP_DeviceID;
    regs.x.di = 0;
    sregs.es = 0;
    PM_int386x(0x2F,&regs,&regs,&sregs);
    _PM_VXD_sel = sregs.es;
    _PM_VXD_off = regs.x.di;
    if (_PM_VXD_sel != 0 || _PM_VXD_off != 0) {
      if (PMHELP_getVersion() >= PMHELP_VERSION)
          return true;
      }

    /* If we get here, then either SDDHELP.VXD is not loaded, or it is an
     * earlier version. In this case try to dynamically load the PMHELP.VXD
     * helper VxD instead.
     */
    PM_segread(&sregs);
    regs.x.ax = 0x1684;
    regs.x.bx = VXDLDR_DeviceID;
    regs.x.di = 0;
    sregs.es = 0;
    PM_int386x(0x2F,&regs,&regs,&sregs);
    VXD_loadSel = sregs.es;
    VXD_loadOff = regs.x.di;
    if (VXD_loadSel == 0 && VXD_loadOff == 0)
      return VXD_version = 0;
    r.eax = 1;
    r.ebx = 0;
    r.edx = (uint)VXD_name;
    PM_segread(&sregs);
    r.ds = sregs.ds;
    r.es = sregs.es;
    _PM_VxDCall(&r,VXD_loadOff,VXD_loadSel);
    if (r.eax != 0)
      return VXD_version = 0;

    /* Get the dynamic VxD entry point so we can call it */
    atexit(UnloadVxD);
    PM_segread(&sregs);
    regs.x.ax = 0x1684;
    regs.x.bx = 0;
    regs.e.edi = (uint)VXD_DDBName;
    PM_int386x(0x2F,&regs,&regs,&sregs);
    _PM_VXD_sel = sregs.es;
    _PM_VXD_off = regs.x.di;
    if (_PM_VXD_sel == 0 && _PM_VXD_off == 0)
      return VXD_version = 0;
    if (PMHELP_getVersion() >= PMHELP_VERSION)
      return true;
    return VXD_version = 0;
}
#endif

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Initialise the PM library. First we try to connect to a static SDDHELP.VXD
helper VxD, and check that it is a version we can use. If not we try to
dynamically load the PMHELP.VXD helper VxD
****************************************************************************/
void PMAPI PM_init(void)
{
#ifndef REALMODE
    PMREGS  regs;

    /* Check if we are running under CauseWay under real DOS */
    if (_PM_haveCauseWay == -1) {
      /* Check if we are running under DPMI in which case we will not be
       * able to use our special ring 0 CauseWay functions.
       */
      _PM_haveCauseWay = false;
      regs.x.ax = 0xFF00;
      PM_int386(0x31,&regs,&regs);
      if (regs.x.cflag || !(regs.e.edi & 8)) {
          /* We are not under DPMI, so now check if CauseWay is active */
          regs.x.ax = 0xFFF9;
          PM_int386(0x31,&regs,&regs);
          if (!regs.x.cflag && regs.e.ecx == 0x43415553 && regs.e.edx == 0x45574159)
            _PM_haveCauseWay = true;
          }

      /* Now connect to PMHELP.VXD and initialise MTRR module */
      if (!PMHELP_connect())
          MTRR_init();
      }
#endif
}

/****************************************************************************
PARAMETERS:
base    - The starting physical base address of the region
size    - The size in bytes of the region
type    - Type to place into the MTRR register

RETURNS:
Error code describing the result.

REMARKS:
Function to enable write combining for the specified region of memory.
****************************************************************************/
int PMAPI PM_enableWriteCombine(
    ulong base,
    ulong size,
    uint type)
{
#ifndef REALMODE
    VXD_regs    regs;

    if (PMHELP_connect()) {
      memset(&regs,0,sizeof(regs));
      regs.eax = API_NUM(PMHELP_ENABLELFBCOMB);
      regs.ebx = base;
      regs.ecx = size;
      regs.edx = type;
      _PM_VxDCall(&regs,_PM_VXD_off,_PM_VXD_sel);
      return regs.eax;
      }
    return MTRR_enableWriteCombine(base,size,type);
#else
    return PM_MTRR_NOT_SUPPORTED;
#endif
}

ibool PMAPI PM_haveBIOSAccess(void)
{ return true; }

long PMAPI PM_getOSType(void)
{ return _OS_DOS; }

int PMAPI PM_getModeType(void)
{
#if defined(REALMODE)
    return PM_realMode;
#elif defined(PM286)
    return PM_286;
#elif defined(PM386)
    return PM_386;
#endif
}

void PMAPI PM_backslash(char *s)
{
    uint pos = strlen(s);
    if (s[pos-1] != '\\') {
      s[pos] = '\\';
      s[pos+1] = '\0';
      }
}

void PMAPI PM_setFatalErrorCleanup(
    void (PMAPIP cleanup)(void))
{
    fatalErrorCleanup = cleanup;
}

void PMAPI PM_fatalError(const char *msg)
{
    if (fatalErrorCleanup)
      fatalErrorCleanup();
    fprintf(stderr,"%s\n", msg);
    exit(1);
}

static void ExitVBEBuf(void)
{
    if (VESABuf_ptr)
      PM_freeRealSeg(VESABuf_ptr);
    VESABuf_ptr = 0;
}

void * PMAPI PM_getVESABuf(uint *len,uint *rseg,uint *roff)
{
    if (!VESABuf_ptr) {
      /* Allocate a global buffer for communicating with the VESA VBE */
      if ((VESABuf_ptr = PM_allocRealSeg(VESABuf_len, &VESABuf_rseg, &VESABuf_roff)) == NULL)
          return NULL;
      atexit(ExitVBEBuf);
      }
    *len = VESABuf_len;
    *rseg = VESABuf_rseg;
    *roff = VESABuf_roff;
    return VESABuf_ptr;
}

int PMAPI PM_int386(int intno, PMREGS *in, PMREGS *out)
{
    PMSREGS sregs;
    PM_segread(&sregs);
    return PM_int386x(intno,in,out,&sregs);
}

/* Routines to set and get the real mode interrupt vectors, by making
 * direct real mode calls to DOS and bypassing the DOS extenders API.
 * This is the safest way to handle this, as some servers try to be
 * smart about changing real mode vectors.
 */

void PMAPI _PM_getRMvect(int intno, long *realisr)
{
    RMREGS  regs;
    RMSREGS sregs;

    PM_saveDS();
    regs.h.ah = 0x35;
    regs.h.al = intno;
    PM_int86x(0x21, &regs, &regs, &sregs);
    *realisr = ((long)sregs.es << 16) | regs.x.bx;
}

void PMAPI _PM_setRMvect(int intno, long realisr)
{
    RMREGS  regs;
    RMSREGS sregs;

    PM_saveDS();
    regs.h.ah = 0x25;
    regs.h.al = intno;
    sregs.ds = (int)(realisr >> 16);
    regs.x.dx = (int)(realisr & 0xFFFF);
    PM_int86x(0x21, &regs, &regs, &sregs);
}

void PMAPI _PM_addRealModeBlock(void *mem,uint tag)
{
    int i;

    for (i = 0; i < MAX_RM_BLOCKS; i++) {
      if (rmBlocks[i].p == NULL) {
          rmBlocks[i].p = mem;
          rmBlocks[i].tag = tag;
          return;
          }
      }
    PM_fatalError("To many real mode memory block allocations!");
}

uint PMAPI _PM_findRealModeBlock(void *mem)
{
    int i;

    for (i = 0; i < MAX_RM_BLOCKS; i++) {
      if (rmBlocks[i].p == mem)
          return rmBlocks[i].tag;
      }
    PM_fatalError("Could not find prior real mode memory block allocation!");
    return 0;
}

char * PMAPI PM_getCurrentPath(
    char *path,
    int maxLen)
{
    return getcwd(path,maxLen);
}

char PMAPI PM_getBootDrive(void)
{ return 'C'; }

const char * PMAPI PM_getVBEAFPath(void)
{ return "c:\\"; }

const char * PMAPI PM_getNucleusPath(void)
{
    static char path[256];
    char        *env;

    if ((env = getenv("NUCLEUS_PATH")) != NULL)
      return env;
    if ((env = getenv("WINBOOTDIR")) != NULL) {
      /* Running in a Windows 9x DOS box or DOS mode */
      strcpy(path,env);
      strcat(path,"\\system\\nucleus");
      return path;
      }
    if ((env = getenv("SystemRoot")) != NULL) {
      /* Running in an NT/2K DOS box */
      strcpy(path,env);
      strcat(path,"\\system32\\nucleus");
      return path;
      }
    return "c:\\nucleus";
}

const char * PMAPI PM_getNucleusConfigPath(void)
{
    static char path[256];
    strcpy(path,PM_getNucleusPath());
    PM_backslash(path);
    strcat(path,"config");
    return path;
}

const char * PMAPI PM_getUniqueID(void)
{ return "DOS"; }

const char * PMAPI PM_getMachineName(void)
{ return "DOS"; }

int PMAPI PM_kbhit(void)
{
    return kbhit();
}

int PMAPI PM_getch(void)
{
    return getch();
}

PM_HWND PMAPI PM_openConsole(PM_HWND hwndUser,int device,int xRes,int yRes,int bpp,ibool fullScreen)
{
    /* Not used for DOS */
    (void)hwndUser;
    (void)device;
    (void)xRes;
    (void)yRes;
    (void)bpp;
    (void)fullScreen;
    return 0;
}

int PMAPI PM_getConsoleStateSize(void)
{
    return sizeof(DOS_stateBuf);
}

void PMAPI PM_saveConsoleState(void *stateBuf,PM_HWND hwndConsole)
{
    RMREGS          regs;
    DOS_stateBuf    *sb = stateBuf;

    /* Save the old video mode state */
    regs.h.ah = 0x0F;
    PM_int86(0x10,&regs,&regs);
    sb->oldMode = regs.h.al & 0x7F;
    sb->old50Lines = false;
    if (sb->oldMode == 0x3) {
      regs.x.ax = 0x1130;
      regs.x.bx = 0;
      regs.x.dx = 0;
      PM_int86(0x10,&regs,&regs);
      sb->old50Lines = (regs.h.dl == 42 || regs.h.dl == 49);
      }
    (void)hwndConsole;
}

void PMAPI PM_setSuspendAppCallback(int (_ASMAPIP saveState)(int flags))
{
    /* Not used for DOS */
    (void)saveState;
}

void PMAPI PM_restoreConsoleState(const void *stateBuf,PM_HWND hwndConsole)
{
    RMREGS              regs;
    const DOS_stateBuf  *sb = stateBuf;

    /* Retore 50 line mode if set */
    if (sb->old50Lines) {
      regs.x.ax = 0x1112;
      regs.x.bx = 0;
      PM_int86(0x10,&regs,&regs);
      }
    (void)hwndConsole;
}

void PMAPI PM_closeConsole(PM_HWND hwndConsole)
{
    /* Not used for DOS */
    (void)hwndConsole;
}

void PMAPI PM_setOSCursorLocation(int x,int y)
{
    uchar *_biosPtr = PM_getBIOSPointer();
    PM_setByte(_biosPtr+0x50,x);
    PM_setByte(_biosPtr+0x51,y);
}

void PMAPI PM_setOSScreenWidth(int width,int height)
{
    uchar *_biosPtr = PM_getBIOSPointer();
    PM_setWord(_biosPtr+0x4A,width);
    PM_setWord(_biosPtr+0x4C,width*2);
    PM_setByte(_biosPtr+0x84,height-1);
    if (height > 25) {
      PM_setWord(_biosPtr+0x60,0x0607);
      PM_setByte(_biosPtr+0x85,0x08);
      }
    else {
      PM_setWord(_biosPtr+0x60,0x0D0E);
      PM_setByte(_biosPtr+0x85,0x016);
      }
}

void * PMAPI PM_mallocShared(long size)
{
    return PM_malloc(size);
}

void PMAPI PM_freeShared(void *ptr)
{
    PM_free(ptr);
}

#define GetRMVect(intno,isr)    *(isr) = ((ulong*)rmZeroPtr)[intno]
#define SetRMVect(intno,isr)    ((ulong*)rmZeroPtr)[intno] = (isr)

ibool PMAPI PM_doBIOSPOST(
    ushort axVal,
    ulong BIOSPhysAddr,
    void *mappedBIOS,
    ulong BIOSLen)
{
    static int      firstTime = true;
    static uchar    *rmZeroPtr;
    long            Current10,Current6D,Current42;
    RMREGS          regs;
    RMSREGS         sregs;

    /* Create a zero memory mapping for us to use */
    if (firstTime) {
      rmZeroPtr = PM_mapPhysicalAddr(0,0x7FFF,true);
      firstTime = false;
      }

    /* Remap the secondary BIOS to 0xC0000 physical */
    if (BIOSPhysAddr != 0xC0000L || BIOSLen > 32768) {
      /* DOS cannot virtually remap the BIOS, so we can only work if all
       * the secondary controllers are identical, and we then use the
       * BIOS on the first controller for all the remaining controllers.
       *
       * For OS'es that do virtual memory, and remapping of 0xC0000
       * physical (perhaps a copy on write mapping) should be all that
       * is needed.
       */
      return false;
      }

    /* Save current handlers of int 10h and 6Dh */
    GetRMVect(0x10,&Current10);
    GetRMVect(0x6D,&Current6D);

    /* POST the secondary BIOS */
    GetRMVect(0x42,&Current42);
    SetRMVect(0x10,Current42);  /* Restore int 10h to STD-BIOS */
    regs.x.ax = axVal;
    PM_callRealMode(0xC000,0x0003,&regs,&sregs);

    /* Restore current handlers */
    SetRMVect(0x10,Current10);
    SetRMVect(0x6D,Current6D);

    /* Second the primary BIOS mappin 1:1 for 0xC0000 physical */
    if (BIOSPhysAddr != 0xC0000L) {
      /* DOS does not support this */
      (void)mappedBIOS;
      }
    return true;
}

void PMAPI PM_sleep(ulong milliseconds)
{
    ulong           microseconds = milliseconds * 1000L;
    LZTimerObject   tm;

    LZTimerOnExt(&tm);
    while (LZTimerLapExt(&tm) < microseconds)
      ;
    LZTimerOffExt(&tm);
}

int PMAPI PM_getCOMPort(int port)
{
    switch (port) {
      case 0: return 0x3F8;
      case 1: return 0x2F8;
      }
    return 0;
}

int PMAPI PM_getLPTPort(int port)
{
    switch (port) {
      case 0: return 0x3BC;
      case 1: return 0x378;
      case 2: return 0x278;
      }
    return 0;
}

PM_MODULE PMAPI PM_loadLibrary(
    const char *szDLLName)
{
    (void)szDLLName;
    return NULL;
}

void * PMAPI PM_getProcAddress(
    PM_MODULE hModule,
    const char *szProcName)
{
    (void)hModule;
    (void)szProcName;
    return NULL;
}

void PMAPI PM_freeLibrary(
    PM_MODULE hModule)
{
    (void)hModule;
}

int PMAPI PM_setIOPL(
    int level)
{
    return level;
}

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Internal function to convert the find data to the generic interface.
****************************************************************************/
static void convertFindData(
    PM_findData *findData,
    struct find_t *blk)
{
    ulong   dwSize = findData->dwSize;

    memset(findData,0,findData->dwSize);
    findData->dwSize = dwSize;
    if (blk->attrib & _A_RDONLY)
      findData->attrib |= PM_FILE_READONLY;
    if (blk->attrib & _A_SUBDIR)
      findData->attrib |= PM_FILE_DIRECTORY;
    if (blk->attrib & _A_ARCH)
      findData->attrib |= PM_FILE_ARCHIVE;
    if (blk->attrib & _A_HIDDEN)
      findData->attrib |= PM_FILE_HIDDEN;
    if (blk->attrib & _A_SYSTEM)
      findData->attrib |= PM_FILE_SYSTEM;
    findData->sizeLo = blk->size;
    strncpy(findData->name,blk->name,PM_MAX_PATH);
    findData->name[PM_MAX_PATH-1] = 0;
}

#define FIND_MASK   (_A_RDONLY | _A_ARCH | _A_SUBDIR | _A_HIDDEN | _A_SYSTEM)

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Function to find the first file matching a search criteria in a directory.
****************************************************************************/
void * PMAPI PM_findFirstFile(
    const char *filename,
    PM_findData *findData)
{
    struct find_t *blk;

    if ((blk = PM_malloc(sizeof(*blk))) == NULL)
      return PM_FILE_INVALID;
    if (_dos_findfirst((char*)filename,FIND_MASK,blk) == 0) {
      convertFindData(findData,blk);
      return blk;
      }
    return PM_FILE_INVALID;
}

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Function to find the next file matching a search criteria in a directory.
****************************************************************************/
ibool PMAPI PM_findNextFile(
    void *handle,
    PM_findData *findData)
{
    struct find_t *blk = handle;

    if (_dos_findnext(blk) == 0) {
      convertFindData(findData,blk);
      return true;
      }
    return false;
}

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Function to close the find process
****************************************************************************/
void PMAPI PM_findClose(
    void *handle)
{
    PM_free(handle);
}

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Function to determine if a drive is a valid drive or not. Under Unix this
function will return false for anything except a value of 3 (considered
the root drive, and equivalent to C: for non-Unix systems). The drive
numbering is:

    1   - Drive A:
    2   - Drive B:
    3   - Drive C:
    etc

****************************************************************************/
ibool PMAPI PM_driveValid(
    char drive)
{
    RMREGS  regs;
    regs.h.dl = (uchar)(drive - 'A' + 1);
    regs.h.ah = 0x36;               /* Get disk information service */
    PM_int86(0x21,&regs,&regs);
    return regs.x.ax != 0xFFFF;     /* AX = 0xFFFF if disk is invalid */
}

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Function to get the current working directory for the specififed drive.
Under Unix this will always return the current working directory regardless
of what the value of 'drive' is.
****************************************************************************/
void PMAPI PM_getdcwd(
    int drive,
    char *dir,
    int len)
{
    uint oldDrive,maxDrives;
    _dos_getdrive(&oldDrive);
    _dos_setdrive(drive,&maxDrives);
    getcwd(dir,len);
    _dos_setdrive(oldDrive,&maxDrives);
}

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Function to change the file attributes for a specific file.
****************************************************************************/
void PMAPI PM_setFileAttr(
    const char *filename,
    uint attrib)
{
#if defined(TNT) && defined(_MSC_VER)
    DWORD attr = 0;

    if (attrib & PM_FILE_READONLY)
      attr |= FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY;
    if (attrib & PM_FILE_ARCHIVE)
      attr |= FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ARCHIVE;
    if (attrib & PM_FILE_HIDDEN)
      attr |= FILE_ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN;
    if (attrib & PM_FILE_SYSTEM)
      attr |= FILE_ATTRIBUTE_SYSTEM;
    SetFileAttributes((LPSTR)filename, attr);
#else
    uint attr = 0;

    if (attrib & PM_FILE_READONLY)
      attr |= _A_RDONLY;
    if (attrib & PM_FILE_ARCHIVE)
      attr |= _A_ARCH;
    if (attrib & PM_FILE_HIDDEN)
      attr |= _A_HIDDEN;
    if (attrib & PM_FILE_SYSTEM)
      attr |= _A_SYSTEM;
    _dos_setfileattr(filename,attr);
#endif
}

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Function to create a directory.
****************************************************************************/
ibool PMAPI PM_mkdir(
    const char *filename)
{
#ifdef  __GNUC__
    return mkdir(filename,S_IRUSR) == 0;
#else
    return mkdir(filename) == 0;
#endif
}

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Function to remove a directory.
****************************************************************************/
ibool PMAPI PM_rmdir(
    const char *filename)
{
    return rmdir(filename) == 0;
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Generic DPMI routines common to 16/32 bit code                          */
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

#ifndef REALMODE
ulong PMAPI DPMI_mapPhysicalToLinear(ulong physAddr,ulong limit)
{
    PMREGS  r;
    int     i;
    ulong   baseAddr,baseOfs,roundedLimit;

    /* We can't map memory below 1Mb, but the linear address are already
     * mapped 1:1 for this memory anyway so we just return the base address.
     */
    if (physAddr < 0x100000L)
      return physAddr;

    /* Search table of existing mappings to see if we have already mapped
     * a region of memory that will serve this purpose. We do this because
     * DPMI 0.9 does not allow us to free physical memory mappings, and if
     * the mappings get re-used in the program we want to avoid allocating
     * more mappings than necessary.
     */
    for (i = 0; i < numMaps; i++) {
      if (maps[i].physical == physAddr && maps[i].limit == limit)
          return maps[i].linear;
      }

    /* Find a free slot in our physical memory mapping table */
    for (i = 0; i < numMaps; i++) {
      if (maps[i].limit == 0)
          break;
      }
    if (i == numMaps) {
      i = numMaps++;
      if (i == MAX_MEMORY_MAPPINGS)
          return NULL;
      }

    /* Round the physical address to a 4Kb boundary and the limit to a
     * 4Kb-1 boundary before passing the values to DPMI as some extenders
     * will fail the calls unless this is the case. If we round the
     * physical address, then we also add an extra offset into the address
     * that we return.
     */
    baseOfs = physAddr & 4095;
    baseAddr = physAddr & ~4095;
    roundedLimit = ((limit+baseOfs+1+4095) & ~4095)-1;
    r.x.ax = 0x800;
    r.x.bx = baseAddr >> 16;
    r.x.cx = baseAddr & 0xFFFF;
    r.x.si = roundedLimit >> 16;
    r.x.di = roundedLimit & 0xFFFF;
    PM_int386(0x31, &r, &r);
    if (r.x.cflag)
      return 0xFFFFFFFFUL;
    maps[i].physical = physAddr;
    maps[i].limit = limit;
    maps[i].linear = ((ulong)r.x.bx << 16) + r.x.cx + baseOfs;
    return maps[i].linear;
}

int PMAPI DPMI_setSelectorBase(ushort sel,ulong linAddr)
{
    PMREGS  r;

    r.x.ax = 7;                     /* DPMI set selector base address   */
    r.x.bx = sel;
    r.x.cx = linAddr >> 16;
    r.x.dx = linAddr & 0xFFFF;
    PM_int386(0x31, &r, &r);
    if (r.x.cflag)
      return 0;
    return 1;
}

ulong PMAPI DPMI_getSelectorBase(ushort sel)
{
    PMREGS  r;

    r.x.ax = 6;                     /* DPMI get selector base address   */
    r.x.bx = sel;
    PM_int386(0x31, &r, &r);
    return ((ulong)r.x.cx << 16) + r.x.dx;
}

int PMAPI DPMI_setSelectorLimit(ushort sel,ulong limit)
{
    PMREGS  r;

    r.x.ax = 8;                     /* DPMI set selector limit          */
    r.x.bx = sel;
    r.x.cx = limit >> 16;
    r.x.dx = limit & 0xFFFF;
    PM_int386(0x31, &r, &r);
    if (r.x.cflag)
      return 0;
    return 1;
}

uint PMAPI DPMI_createSelector(ulong base,ulong limit)
{
    uint    sel;
    PMREGS  r;

    /* Allocate 1 descriptor */
    r.x.ax = 0;
    r.x.cx = 1;
    PM_int386(0x31, &r, &r);
    if (r.x.cflag) return 0;
    sel = r.x.ax;

    /* Set the descriptor access rights (for a 32 bit page granular
     * segment).
     */
    if (limit >= 0x10000L) {
      r.x.ax = 9;
      r.x.bx = sel;
      r.x.cx = 0x40F3;
      PM_int386(0x31, &r, &r);
      }

    /* Map physical memory and create selector */
    if ((base = DPMI_mapPhysicalToLinear(base,limit)) == 0xFFFFFFFFUL)
      return 0;
    if (!DPMI_setSelectorBase(sel,base))
      return 0;
    if (!DPMI_setSelectorLimit(sel,limit))
      return 0;
    return sel;
}

void PMAPI DPMI_freeSelector(uint sel)
{
    PMREGS  r;

    r.x.ax = 1;
    r.x.bx = sel;
    PM_int386(0x31, &r, &r);
}

int PMAPI DPMI_lockLinearPages(ulong linear,ulong len)
{
    PMREGS  r;

    r.x.ax = 0x600;                     /* DPMI Lock Linear Region      */
    r.x.bx = (linear >> 16);            /* Linear address in BX:CX      */
    r.x.cx = (linear & 0xFFFF);
    r.x.si = (len >> 16);               /* Length in SI:DI              */
    r.x.di = (len & 0xFFFF);
    PM_int386(0x31, &r, &r);
    return (!r.x.cflag);
}

int PMAPI DPMI_unlockLinearPages(ulong linear,ulong len)
{
    PMREGS  r;

    r.x.ax = 0x601;                     /* DPMI Unlock Linear Region    */
    r.x.bx = (linear >> 16);            /* Linear address in BX:CX      */
    r.x.cx = (linear & 0xFFFF);
    r.x.si = (len >> 16);               /* Length in SI:DI              */
    r.x.di = (len & 0xFFFF);
    PM_int386(0x31, &r, &r);
    return (!r.x.cflag);
}

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Adjust the page table caching bits directly. Requires ring 0 access and
only works with DOS4GW and compatible extenders (CauseWay also works since
it has direct support for the ring 0 instructions we need from ring 3). Will
not work in a DOS box, but we call into the ring 0 helper VxD so we should
never get here in a DOS box anyway (assuming the VxD is present). If we
do get here and we are in windows, this code will be skipped.
****************************************************************************/
static void PM_adjustPageTables(
    ulong linear,
    ulong limit,
    ibool isCached)
{
#ifdef  DOS4GW
    int     startPDB,endPDB,iPDB,startPage,endPage,start,end,iPage;
    ulong   andMask,orMask,pageTable,*pPageTable;

    andMask = ~0x18;
    orMask = (isCached) ? 0x00 : 0x18;
    if (_PM_pagingEnabled() == 1 && (PDB = _PM_getPDB()) != 0) {
      if (_PM_haveCauseWay) {
          /* CauseWay is a little different in the page table handling.
           * The code that we use for DOS4G/W does not appear to work
           * with CauseWay correctly as it does not appear to allow us
           * to map the page tables directly. Instead we can directly
           * access the page table entries in extended memory where
           * CauseWay always locates them (starting at 1024*4096*1023)
           */
          startPage = (linear >> 12);
          endPage = ((linear+limit) >> 12);
          pPageTable = (ulong*)CW_PAGE_TABLE_START;
          for (iPage = startPage; iPage <= endPage; iPage++)
            pPageTable[iPage] = (pPageTable[iPage] & andMask) | orMask;
          }
      else {
          pPDB = (ulong*)DPMI_mapPhysicalToLinear(PDB,0xFFF);
          if (pPDB) {
            startPDB = (linear >> 22) & 0x3FF;
            startPage = (linear >> 12) & 0x3FF;
            endPDB = ((linear+limit) >> 22) & 0x3FF;
            endPage = ((linear+limit) >> 12) & 0x3FF;
            for (iPDB = startPDB; iPDB <= endPDB; iPDB++) {
                pageTable = pPDB[iPDB] & ~0xFFF;
                pPageTable = (ulong*)DPMI_mapPhysicalToLinear(pageTable,0xFFF);
                start = (iPDB == startPDB) ? startPage : 0;
                end = (iPDB == endPDB) ? endPage : 0x3FF;
                for (iPage = start; iPage <= end; iPage++)
                  pPageTable[iPage] = (pPageTable[iPage] & andMask) | orMask;
                }
            }
          }
      PM_flushTLB();
      }
#endif
}

void * PMAPI DPMI_mapPhysicalAddr(ulong base,ulong limit,ibool isCached)
{
    PMSREGS     sregs;
    ulong       linAddr;
    ulong       DSBaseAddr;

    /* Get the base address for the default DS selector */
    PM_segread(&sregs);
    DSBaseAddr = DPMI_getSelectorBase(sregs.ds);
    if ((base < 0x100000) && (DSBaseAddr == 0)) {
      /* DS is zero based, so we can directly access the first 1Mb of
       * system memory (like under DOS4GW).
       */
      return (void*)base;
      }

    /* Map the memory to a linear address using DPMI function 0x800 */
    if ((linAddr = DPMI_mapPhysicalToLinear(base,limit)) == 0xFFFFFFFF) {
      if (base >= 0x100000)
          return NULL;
      /* If the linear address mapping fails but we are trying to
       * map an area in the first 1Mb of system memory, then we must
       * be running under a Windows or OS/2 DOS box. Under these
       * environments we can use the segment wrap around as a fallback
       * measure, as this does work properly.
       */
      linAddr = base;
      }

    /* Now expand the default DS selector to 4Gb so we can access it */
    if (!DPMI_setSelectorLimit(sregs.ds,0xFFFFFFFFUL))
      return NULL;

    /* Finally enable caching for the page tables that we just mapped in,
     * since DOS4GW and PMODE/W create the page table entries without
     * caching enabled which hurts the performance of the linear framebuffer
     * as it disables write combining on Pentium Pro and above processors.
     *
     * For those processors cache disabling is better handled through the
     * MTRR registers anyway (we can write combine a region but disable
     * caching) so that MMIO register regions do not screw up.
     */
    if (DSBaseAddr == 0)
      PM_adjustPageTables(linAddr,limit,isCached);

    /* Now return the base address of the memory into the default DS */
    return (void*)(linAddr - DSBaseAddr);
}

#if defined(PM386)

/* Some DOS extender implementations do not directly support calling a
 * real mode procedure from protected mode. However we can simulate what
 * we need temporarily hooking the INT 6Ah vector with a small real mode
 * stub that will call our real mode code for us.
 */

static uchar int6AHandler[] = {
    0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,        /*  __PMODE_callReal variable           */
    0xFB,                       /*  sti                                 */
    0x2E,0xFF,0x1E,0x00,0x00,   /*  call    [cs:__PMODE_callReal]       */
    0xCF,                       /*  iretf                               */
    };
static uchar *crPtr = NULL; /* Pointer to of int 6A handler         */
static uint crRSeg,crROff;  /* Real mode seg:offset of handler      */

void PMAPI PM_callRealMode(uint seg,uint off, RMREGS *in,
    RMSREGS *sregs)
{
    uchar   *p;
    uint    oldSeg,oldOff;

    if (!crPtr) {
      /* Allocate and copy the memory block only once */
      crPtr = PM_allocRealSeg(sizeof(int6AHandler), &crRSeg, &crROff);
      memcpy(crPtr,int6AHandler,sizeof(int6AHandler));
      }
    PM_setWord(crPtr,off);              /* Plug in address to call  */
    PM_setWord(crPtr+2,seg);
    p = PM_mapRealPointer(0,0x6A * 4);
    oldOff = PM_getWord(p);             /* Save old handler address */
    oldSeg = PM_getWord(p+2);
    PM_setWord(p,crROff+4);             /* Hook 6A handler          */
    PM_setWord(p+2,crRSeg);
    PM_int86x(0x6A, in, in, sregs);     /* Call real mode code      */
    PM_setWord(p,oldOff);               /* Restore old handler      */
    PM_setWord(p+2,oldSeg);
}

#endif  /* PM386 */

#endif  /* !REALMODE */

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Allocates a block of locked, physically contiguous memory. The memory
may be required to be below the 16Meg boundary.
****************************************************************************/
void * PMAPI PM_allocLockedMem(
    uint size,
    ulong *physAddr,
    ibool contiguous,
    ibool below16Meg)
{
    uchar           *p,*roundedP;
    uint            r_seg,r_off;
    uint            roundedSize = (size + 4 + 0xFFF) & ~0xFFF;
    PM_lockHandle   lh; /* Unused in DOS */
#ifndef REALMODE
    VXD_regs        regs;

    /* If we have connected to our helper VxD in a Windows DOS box, use the
     * helper VxD services to allocate the memory that we need.
     */
    if (VXD_version) {
      memset(&regs,0,sizeof(regs));
      regs.eax = API_NUM(PMHELP_ALLOCLOCKED);
      regs.ebx = size;
      regs.ecx = (ulong)physAddr;
      regs.edx = contiguous | (below16Meg << 8);
      _PM_VxDCall(&regs,_PM_VXD_off,_PM_VXD_sel);
      return (void*)regs.eax;
      }

    /* If the memory is not contiguous, we simply need to allocate it
     * using regular memory allocation services, and lock it down
     * in memory.
     *
     * For contiguous memory blocks, the only way to guarantee contiguous physical
     * memory addresses under DOS is to allocate the memory below the
     * 1Meg boundary as real mode memory.
     *
     * Note that we must page align the memory block, and we also must
     * keep track of the non-aligned pointer so we can properly free
     * it later. Hence we actually allocate 4 bytes more than the
     * size rounded up to the next 4K boundary.
     */
    if (!contiguous)
      p = PM_malloc(roundedSize);
    else
#endif
      p = PM_allocRealSeg(roundedSize,&r_seg,&r_off);
    if (p == NULL)
      return NULL;
    roundedP = (void*)(((ulong)p + 0xFFF) & ~0xFFF);
    *((ulong*)(roundedP + size)) = (ulong)p;
    PM_lockDataPages(roundedP,size,&lh);
    if ((*physAddr = PM_getPhysicalAddr(roundedP)) == 0xFFFFFFFF) {
      PM_freeLockedMem(roundedP,size,contiguous);
      return NULL;
      }

    /* Disable caching for the memory since it is probably a DMA buffer */
#ifndef REALMODE
    PM_adjustPageTables((ulong)roundedP,size-1,false);
#endif
    return roundedP;
}

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Free a block of locked memory.
****************************************************************************/
void PMAPI PM_freeLockedMem(void *p,uint size,ibool contiguous)
{
#ifndef REALMODE
    VXD_regs        regs;
    PM_lockHandle   lh; /* Unused in DOS */

    if (!p)
      return;
    if (VXD_version) {
      memset(&regs,0,sizeof(regs));
      regs.eax = API_NUM(PMHELP_FREELOCKED);
      regs.ebx = (ulong)p;
      regs.ecx = size;
      regs.edx = contiguous;
      _PM_VxDCall(&regs,_PM_VXD_off,_PM_VXD_sel);
      return;
      }
    PM_unlockDataPages(p,size,&lh);
    if (!contiguous)
      free(*((void**)((uchar*)p + size)));
    else
#endif
      PM_freeRealSeg(*((void**)((char*)p + size)));
}

#ifndef REALMODE
/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Allocates a new block of pages for the page block manager.
****************************************************************************/
static pageblock *PM_addNewPageBlock(void)
{
    int         i,size;
    pageblock   *newBlock;
    char        *p,*next;

    /* Allocate memory for the new page block, and add to head of list */
    size = PAGES_PER_BLOCK * PM_PAGE_SIZE + (PM_PAGE_SIZE-1) + sizeof(pageblock);
    if ((newBlock = PM_malloc(size)) == NULL)
      return NULL;
    newBlock->prev = NULL;
    newBlock->next = pageBlocks;
    if (pageBlocks)
      pageBlocks->prev = newBlock;
    pageBlocks = newBlock;

    /* Initialise the page aligned free list for the page block */
    newBlock->freeCount = PAGES_PER_BLOCK;
    newBlock->freeList = p = (char*)(((ulong)(newBlock + 1) + (PM_PAGE_SIZE-1)) & ~(PM_PAGE_SIZE-1));
    newBlock->freeListStart = newBlock->freeList;
    newBlock->freeListEnd = p + (PAGES_PER_BLOCK-1) * PM_PAGE_SIZE;
    for (i = 0; i < PAGES_PER_BLOCK; i++,p = next)
      FREELIST_NEXT(p) = next = p + PM_PAGE_SIZE;
    FREELIST_NEXT(p - PM_PAGE_SIZE) = NULL;
    return newBlock;
}
#endif

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Allocates a page aligned and page sized block of memory
****************************************************************************/
void * PMAPI PM_allocPage(
    ibool locked)
{
#ifndef REALMODE
    VXD_regs        regs;
    pageblock       *block;
    void            *p;
    PM_lockHandle   lh; /* Unused in DOS */

    /* Call the helper VxD for this service if we are running in a DOS box */
    if (VXD_version) {
      memset(&regs,0,sizeof(regs));
      regs.eax = API_NUM(PMHELP_ALLOCPAGE);
      regs.ebx = locked;
      _PM_VxDCall(&regs,_PM_VXD_off,_PM_VXD_sel);
      return (void*)regs.eax;
      }

    /* Scan the block list looking for any free blocks. Allocate a new
     * page block if no free blocks are found.
     */
    for (block = pageBlocks; block != NULL; block = block->next) {
      if (block->freeCount)
          break;
      }
    if (block == NULL && (block = PM_addNewPageBlock()) == NULL)
      return NULL;
    block->freeCount--;
    p = block->freeList;
    block->freeList = FREELIST_NEXT(p);
    if (locked)
      PM_lockDataPages(p,PM_PAGE_SIZE,&lh);
    return p;
#else
    return NULL;
#endif
}

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Free a page aligned and page sized block of memory
****************************************************************************/
void PMAPI PM_freePage(
    void *p)
{
#ifndef REALMODE
    VXD_regs    regs;
    pageblock   *block;

    /* Call the helper VxD for this service if we are running in a DOS box */
    if (VXD_version) {
      memset(&regs,0,sizeof(regs));
      regs.eax = API_NUM(PMHELP_FREEPAGE);
      regs.ebx = (ulong)p;
      _PM_VxDCall(&regs,_PM_VXD_off,_PM_VXD_sel);
      return;
      }

    /* First find the page block that this page belongs to */
    for (block = pageBlocks; block != NULL; block = block->next) {
      if (p >= block->freeListStart && p <= block->freeListEnd)
          break;
      }
    CHECK(block != NULL);

    /* Now free the block by adding it to the free list */
    FREELIST_NEXT(p) = block->freeList;
    block->freeList = p;
    if (++block->freeCount == PAGES_PER_BLOCK) {
      /* If all pages in the page block are now free, free the entire
       * page block itself.
       */
      if (block == pageBlocks) {
          /* Delete from head */
          pageBlocks = block->next;
          if (block->next)
            block->next->prev = NULL;
          }
      else {
          /* Delete from middle of list */
          CHECK(block->prev != NULL);
          block->prev->next = block->next;
          if (block->next)
            block->next->prev = block->prev;
          }
      PM_free(block);
      }
#else
    (void)p;
#endif
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* DOS Real Mode support.                                                  */
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

#ifdef REALMODE

#ifndef MK_FP
#define MK_FP(s,o)  ( (void far *)( ((ulong)(s) << 16) + \
                (ulong)(o) ))
#endif

void * PMAPI PM_mapRealPointer(uint r_seg,uint r_off)
{ return MK_FP(r_seg,r_off); }

void * PMAPI PM_getBIOSPointer(void)
{
    return MK_FP(0x40,0);
}

void * PMAPI PM_getA0000Pointer(void)
{
    return MK_FP(0xA000,0);
}

void * PMAPI PM_mapPhysicalAddr(ulong base,ulong limit,ibool isCached)
{
    uint sel = base >> 4;
    uint off = base & 0xF;
    limit = limit;
    return MK_FP(sel,off);
}

void PMAPI PM_freePhysicalAddr(void *ptr,ulong limit)
{ ptr = ptr; }

ulong PMAPI PM_getPhysicalAddr(void *p)
{
    return ((((ulong)p >> 16) << 4) + (ushort)p);
}

ibool PMAPI PM_getPhysicalAddrRange(void *p,ulong length,ulong *physAddress)
{ return false; }

void * PMAPI PM_mapToProcess(void *base,ulong limit)
{ return (void*)base; }

void * PMAPI PM_allocRealSeg(uint size,uint *r_seg,uint *r_off)
{
    /* Call malloc() to allocate the memory for us */
    void *p = PM_malloc(size);
    *r_seg = FP_SEG(p);
    *r_off = FP_OFF(p);
    return p;
}

void PMAPI PM_freeRealSeg(void *mem)
{
    if (mem) PM_free(mem);
}

int PMAPI PM_int86(int intno, RMREGS *in, RMREGS *out)
{
    return PM_int386(intno,in,out);
}

int PMAPI PM_int86x(int intno, RMREGS *in, RMREGS *out,
    RMSREGS *sregs)
{
    return PM_int386x(intno,in,out,sregs);
}

void PMAPI PM_availableMemory(ulong *physical,ulong *total)
{
    PMREGS regs;

    regs.h.ah = 0x48;
    regs.x.bx = 0xFFFF;
    PM_int86(0x21,&regs,&regs);
    *physical = *total = regs.x.bx * 16UL;
}

#endif

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Phar Lap TNT DOS Extender support.                                      */
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

#ifdef TNT

#include <pldos32.h>
#include <pharlap.h>
#include <hw386.h>

static uchar *zeroPtr = NULL;

void * PMAPI PM_getBIOSPointer(void)
{
    if (!zeroPtr)
      zeroPtr = PM_mapPhysicalAddr(0,0xFFFFF,true);
    return (void*)(zeroPtr + 0x400);
}

void * PMAPI PM_getA0000Pointer(void)
{
    static void *bankPtr;
    if (!bankPtr)
      bankPtr = PM_mapPhysicalAddr(0xA0000,0xFFFF,true);
    return bankPtr;
}

void * PMAPI PM_mapPhysicalAddr(ulong base,ulong limit,ibool isCached)
{
    CONFIG_INF  config;
    ULONG       offset;
    int         err;
    ulong       baseAddr,baseOfs,newLimit;
    VXD_regs    regs;

    /* If we have connected to our helper VxD in a Windows DOS box, use
     * the helper VxD services to map memory instead of the DPMI services.
     * We do this because the helper VxD can properly disable caching
     * where necessary, which we can only do directly here if we are
     * running at ring 0 (ie: under real DOS).
     */
    if (VXD_version == -1)
      PM_init();
    if (VXD_version) {
      memset(&regs,0,sizeof(regs));
      regs.eax = API_NUM(PMHELP_MAPPHYS);
      regs.ebx = base;
      regs.ecx = limit;
      regs.edx = isCached;
      _PM_VxDCall(&regs,_PM_VXD_off,_PM_VXD_sel);
      return (void*)regs.eax;
      }

    /* Round the physical address to a 4Kb boundary and the limit to a
     * 4Kb-1 boundary before passing the values to TNT. If we round the
     * physical address, then we also add an extra offset into the address
     * that we return.
     */
    baseOfs = base & 4095;
    baseAddr = base & ~4095;
    newLimit = ((limit+baseOfs+1+4095) & ~4095)-1;
    _dx_config_inf(&config, (UCHAR*)&config);
    err = _dx_map_phys(config.c_ds_sel,baseAddr,(newLimit + 4095) / 4096,&offset);
    if (err == 130) {
      /* If the TNT function failed, we are running in a DPMI environment
       * and this function does not work. However we know how to handle
       * DPMI properly, so we use our generic DPMI functions to do
       * what the TNT runtime libraries can't.
       */
      return DPMI_mapPhysicalAddr(base,limit,isCached);
      }
    if (err == 0)
      return (void*)(offset + baseOfs);
    return NULL;
}

void PMAPI PM_freePhysicalAddr(void *ptr,ulong limit)
{
}

ulong PMAPI PM_getPhysicalAddr(void *p)
{ return 0xFFFFFFFFUL; }

ibool PMAPI PM_getPhysicalAddrRange(void *p,ulong length,ulong *physAddress)
{ return false; }

void * PMAPI PM_mapToProcess(void *base,ulong limit)
{ return (void*)base; }

void * PMAPI PM_mapRealPointer(uint r_seg,uint r_off)
{
    if (!zeroPtr)
      zeroPtr = PM_mapPhysicalAddr(0,0xFFFFF);
    return (void*)(zeroPtr + MK_PHYS(r_seg,r_off));
}

void * PMAPI PM_allocRealSeg(uint size,uint *r_seg,uint *r_off)
{
    USHORT  addr,t;
    void    *p;

    if (_dx_real_alloc((size + 0xF) >> 4,&addr,&t) != 0)
      return 0;
    *r_seg = addr;                  /* Real mode segment address    */
    *r_off = 0;                     /* Real mode segment offset     */
    p = PM_mapRealPointer(*r_seg,*r_off);
    _PM_addRealModeBlock(p,addr);
    return p;
}

void PMAPI PM_freeRealSeg(void *mem)
{
    if (mem) _dx_real_free(_PM_findRealModeBlock(mem));
}

#define INDPMI(reg)     rmregs.reg = regs->reg
#define OUTDPMI(reg)    regs->reg = rmregs.reg

void PMAPI DPMI_int86(int intno, DPMI_regs *regs)
{
    SWI_REGS    rmregs;

    memset(&rmregs, 0, sizeof(rmregs));
    INDPMI(eax); INDPMI(ebx); INDPMI(ecx); INDPMI(edx); INDPMI(esi); INDPMI(edi);

    _dx_real_int(intno,&rmregs);

    OUTDPMI(eax); OUTDPMI(ebx); OUTDPMI(ecx); OUTDPMI(edx); OUTDPMI(esi); OUTDPMI(edi);
    regs->flags = rmregs.flags;
}

#define IN(reg)     rmregs.reg = in->e.reg
#define OUT(reg)    out->e.reg = rmregs.reg

int PMAPI PM_int86(int intno, RMREGS *in, RMREGS *out)
{
    SWI_REGS    rmregs;

    memset(&rmregs, 0, sizeof(rmregs));
    IN(eax); IN(ebx); IN(ecx); IN(edx); IN(esi); IN(edi);

    _dx_real_int(intno,&rmregs);

    OUT(eax); OUT(ebx); OUT(ecx); OUT(edx); OUT(esi); OUT(edi);
    out->x.cflag = rmregs.flags & 0x1;
    return out->x.ax;
}

int PMAPI PM_int86x(int intno, RMREGS *in, RMREGS *out,
    RMSREGS *sregs)
{
    SWI_REGS    rmregs;

    memset(&rmregs, 0, sizeof(rmregs));
    IN(eax); IN(ebx); IN(ecx); IN(edx); IN(esi); IN(edi);
    rmregs.es = sregs->es;
    rmregs.ds = sregs->ds;

    _dx_real_int(intno,&rmregs);

    OUT(eax); OUT(ebx); OUT(ecx); OUT(edx); OUT(esi); OUT(edi);
    sregs->es = rmregs.es;
    sregs->cs = rmregs.cs;
    sregs->ss = rmregs.ss;
    sregs->ds = rmregs.ds;
    out->x.cflag = rmregs.flags & 0x1;
    return out->x.ax;
}

void PMAPI PM_availableMemory(ulong *physical,ulong *total)
{
    PMREGS  r;
    uint    data[25];

    r.x.ax = 0x2520;                /* Get free memory info */
    r.x.bx = 0;
    r.e.edx = (uint)data;
    PM_int386(0x21, &r, &r);
    *physical = data[21] * 4096;
    *total = data[23] * 4096;
}

#endif

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Symantec C++ DOSX and FlashTek X-32/X-32VM support                      */
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

#if defined(DOSX) || defined(X32VM)

#ifdef  X32VM
#include <x32.h>

#define _x386_mk_protected_ptr(p)   _x32_mk_protected_ptr((void*)p)
#define _x386_free_protected_ptr(p) _x32_free_protected_ptr(p)
#define _x386_zero_base_ptr         _x32_zero_base_ptr
#else
extern void *_x386_zero_base_ptr;
#endif

void * PMAPI PM_mapRealPointer(uint r_seg,uint r_off)
{
    return (void*)((ulong)_x386_zero_base_ptr + MK_PHYS(r_seg,r_off));
}

void * PMAPI PM_allocRealSeg(uint size,uint *r_seg,uint *r_off)
{
    PMREGS  r;

    r.h.ah = 0x48;                  /* DOS function 48h - allocate mem  */
    r.x.bx = (size + 0xF) >> 4;     /* Number of paragraphs to allocate */
    PM_int386(0x21, &r, &r);        /* Call DOS extender                */
    if (r.x.cflag)
      return 0;                   /* Could not allocate the memory    */
    *r_seg = r.e.eax;
    *r_off = 0;
    return PM_mapRealPointer(*r_seg,*r_off);
}

void PMAPI PM_freeRealSeg(void *mem)
{
    /* Cannot de-allocate this memory */
    mem = mem;
}

#pragma pack(1)

typedef struct {
    ushort  intno;
    ushort  ds;
    ushort  es;
    ushort  fs;
    ushort  gs;
    ulong   eax;
    ulong   edx;
    } _RMREGS;

#pragma pack()

#define IN(reg)     regs.e.reg = in->e.reg
#define OUT(reg)    out->e.reg = regs.e.reg

int PMAPI PM_int86(int intno, RMREGS *in, RMREGS *out)
{
    _RMREGS rmregs;
    PMREGS  regs;
    PMSREGS pmsregs;

    rmregs.intno = intno;
    rmregs.eax = in->e.eax;
    rmregs.edx = in->e.edx;
    IN(ebx); IN(ecx); IN(esi); IN(edi);
    regs.x.ax = 0x2511;
    regs.e.edx = (uint)(&rmregs);
    PM_segread(&pmsregs);
    PM_int386x(0x21,&regs,&regs,&pmsregs);

    OUT(eax); OUT(ebx); OUT(ecx); OUT(esi); OUT(edi);
    out->x.dx = rmregs.edx;
    out->x.cflag = regs.x.cflag;
    return out->x.ax;
}

int PMAPI PM_int86x(int intno, RMREGS *in, RMREGS *out, RMSREGS *sregs)
{
    _RMREGS rmregs;
    PMREGS  regs;
    PMSREGS pmsregs;

    rmregs.intno = intno;
    rmregs.eax = in->e.eax;
    rmregs.edx = in->e.edx;
    rmregs.es = sregs->es;
    rmregs.ds = sregs->ds;
    IN(ebx); IN(ecx); IN(esi); IN(edi);
    regs.x.ax = 0x2511;
    regs.e.edx = (uint)(&rmregs);
    PM_segread(&pmsregs);
    PM_int386x(0x21,&regs,&regs,&pmsregs);

    OUT(eax); OUT(ebx); OUT(ecx); OUT(esi); OUT(edi);
    sregs->es = rmregs.es;
    sregs->ds = rmregs.ds;
    out->x.dx = rmregs.edx;
    out->x.cflag = regs.x.cflag;
    return out->x.ax;
}

void * PMAPI PM_getBIOSPointer(void)
{
    return (void*)((ulong)_x386_zero_base_ptr + 0x400);
}

void * PMAPI PM_getA0000Pointer(void)
{
    return (void*)((ulong)_x386_zero_base_ptr + 0xA0000);
}

void * PMAPI PM_mapPhysicalAddr(ulong base,ulong limit,ibool isCached)
{
    VXD_regs    regs;

    /* If we have connected to our helper VxD in a Windows DOS box, use
     * the helper VxD services to map memory instead of the DPMI services.
     * We do this because the helper VxD can properly disable caching
     * where necessary, which we can only do directly here if we are
     * running at ring 0 (ie: under real DOS).
     */
    if (VXD_version == -1)
      PM_init();
    if (VXD_version) {
      memset(&regs,0,sizeof(regs));
      regs.eax = API_NUM(PMHELP_MAPPHYS);
      regs.ebx = base;
      regs.ecx = limit;
      regs.edx = isCached;
      _PM_VxDCall(&regs,_PM_VXD_off,_PM_VXD_sel);
      return (void*)regs.eax;
      }

    if (base > 0x100000)
      return _x386_map_physical_address((void*)base,limit);
    return (void*)((ulong)_x386_zero_base_ptr + base);
}

void PMAPI PM_freePhysicalAddr(void *ptr,ulong limit)
{
    /* Mapping cannot be freed */
}

ulong PMAPI PM_getPhysicalAddr(void *p)
{ return 0xFFFFFFFFUL; }

ibool PMAPI PM_getPhysicalAddrRange(void *p,ulong length,ulong *physAddress)
{ return false; }

void * PMAPI PM_mapToProcess(void *base,ulong limit)
{ return (void*)base; }

ulong _cdecl _X32_getPhysMem(void);

void PMAPI PM_availableMemory(ulong *physical,ulong *total)
{
    PMREGS  regs;

    /* Get total memory available, including virtual memory */
    regs.x.ax = 0x350B;
    PM_int386(0x21,&regs,&regs);
    *total = regs.e.eax;

    /* Get physical memory available */
    *physical = _X32_getPhysMem();
    if (*physical > *total)
      *physical = *total;
}

#endif

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Borland's DPMI32, Watcom DOS4GW and DJGPP DPMI support routines         */
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

#if defined(DPMI32) || defined(DOS4GW) || defined(DJGPP)

void * PMAPI PM_getBIOSPointer(void)
{
    return PM_mapPhysicalAddr(0x400,0xFFFF,true);
}

void * PMAPI PM_getA0000Pointer(void)
{
    return PM_mapPhysicalAddr(0xA0000,0xFFFF,true);
}

void * PMAPI PM_mapPhysicalAddr(ulong base,ulong limit,ibool isCached)
{
    VXD_regs    regs;

#ifdef  DJGPP
    /* Enable near pointers for DJGPP V2 */
    __djgpp_nearptr_enable();
#endif
    /* If we have connected to our helper VxD in a Windows DOS box, use
     * the helper VxD services to map memory instead of the DPMI services.
     * We do this because the helper VxD can properly disable caching
     * where necessary, which we can only do directly here if we are
     * running at ring 0 (ie: under real DOS).
     */
    if (VXD_version == -1)
      PM_init();
    if (VXD_version) {
      memset(&regs,0,sizeof(regs));
      regs.eax = API_NUM(PMHELP_MAPPHYS);
      regs.ebx = base;
      regs.ecx = limit;
      regs.edx = isCached;
      _PM_VxDCall(&regs,_PM_VXD_off,_PM_VXD_sel);
      return (void*)regs.eax;
      }
    return DPMI_mapPhysicalAddr(base,limit,isCached);
}

void PMAPI PM_freePhysicalAddr(void *ptr,ulong limit)
{
    /* Mapping cannot be freed */
    (void)ptr;
    (void)limit;
}

ulong PMAPI PM_getPhysicalAddr(void *p)
{
    ulong   physAddr;
    if (!PM_getPhysicalAddrRange(p,1,&physAddr))
      return 0xFFFFFFFF;
    return physAddr | ((ulong)p & 0xFFF);
}

ibool PMAPI PM_getPhysicalAddrRange(
    void *p,
    ulong length,
    ulong *physAddress)
{
    VXD_regs    regs;
    ulong       pte;
    PMSREGS     sregs;
    ulong       DSBaseAddr;

    /* If we have connected to our helper VxD in a Windows DOS box, use the
     * helper VxD services to find the physical address of an address.
     */
    if (VXD_version) {
      memset(&regs,0,sizeof(regs));
      regs.eax = API_NUM(PMHELP_GETPHYSICALADDRRANGE);
      regs.ebx = (ulong)p;
      regs.ecx = (ulong)length;
      regs.edx = (ulong)physAddress;
      _PM_VxDCall(&regs,_PM_VXD_off,_PM_VXD_sel);
      return regs.eax;
      }

    /* Find base address for default DS selector */
    PM_segread(&sregs);
    DSBaseAddr = DPMI_getSelectorBase(sregs.ds);

    /* Otherwise directly access the page tables to determine the
     * physical memory address. Note that we touch the memory before
     * calling, otherwise the memory may not be paged in correctly.
     */
    pte = *((ulong*)p);
#ifdef  DOS4GW
    if (_PM_pagingEnabled() == 0) {
      int     count;
      ulong   linAddr = (ulong)p;

      /* When paging is disabled physical=linear */
      for (count = (length+0xFFF) >> 12; count > 0; count--) {
          *physAddress++ = linAddr;
          linAddr += 4096;
          }
      return true;
      }
    else if ((PDB = _PM_getPDB()) != 0 && DSBaseAddr == 0) {
      int     startPDB,endPDB,iPDB,startPage,endPage,start,end,iPage;
      ulong   pageTable,*pPageTable,linAddr = (ulong)p;
      ulong   limit = length-1;

      pPDB = (ulong*)DPMI_mapPhysicalToLinear(PDB,0xFFF);
      if (pPDB) {
          startPDB = (linAddr >> 22) & 0x3FFL;
          startPage = (linAddr >> 12) & 0x3FFL;
          endPDB = ((linAddr+limit) >> 22) & 0x3FFL;
          endPage = ((linAddr+limit) >> 12) & 0x3FFL;
          for (iPDB = startPDB; iPDB <= endPDB; iPDB++) {
            pageTable = pPDB[iPDB] & ~0xFFFL;
            pPageTable = (ulong*)DPMI_mapPhysicalToLinear(pageTable,0xFFF);
            start = (iPDB == startPDB) ? startPage : 0;
            end = (iPDB == endPDB) ? endPage : 0x3FFL;
            for (iPage = start; iPage <= end; iPage++)
                *physAddress++ = (pPageTable[iPage] & ~0xFFF);
            }
          return true;
          }
      }
#endif
    return false;
}

void * PMAPI PM_mapToProcess(void *base,ulong limit)
{
    (void)limit;
    return (void*)base;
}

void * PMAPI PM_mapRealPointer(uint r_seg,uint r_off)
{
    static uchar *zeroPtr = NULL;

    if (!zeroPtr)
      zeroPtr = PM_mapPhysicalAddr(0,0xFFFFF,true);
    return (void*)(zeroPtr + MK_PHYS(r_seg,r_off));
}

void * PMAPI PM_allocRealSeg(uint size,uint *r_seg,uint *r_off)
{
    PMREGS      r;
    void        *p;

    r.x.ax = 0x100;                 /* DPMI allocate DOS memory         */
    r.x.bx = (size + 0xF) >> 4;     /* number of paragraphs             */
    PM_int386(0x31, &r, &r);
    if (r.x.cflag)
      return NULL;                /* DPMI call failed                 */
    *r_seg = r.x.ax;                /* Real mode segment                */
    *r_off = 0;
    p = PM_mapRealPointer(*r_seg,*r_off);
    _PM_addRealModeBlock(p,r.x.dx);
    return p;
}

void PMAPI PM_freeRealSeg(void *mem)
{
    PMREGS  r;

    if (mem) {
      r.x.ax = 0x101;                     /* DPMI free DOS memory         */
      r.x.dx = _PM_findRealModeBlock(mem);/* DX := selector from 0x100    */
      PM_int386(0x31, &r, &r);
      }
}

static DPMI_handler_t   DPMI_int10 = NULL;

void PMAPI DPMI_setInt10Handler(DPMI_handler_t handler)
{
    DPMI_int10 = handler;
}

void PMAPI DPMI_int86(int intno, DPMI_regs *regs)
{
    PMREGS      r;
    PMSREGS     sr;

    if (intno == 0x10 && DPMI_int10) {
      if (DPMI_int10(regs))
          return;
      }
    PM_segread(&sr);
    r.x.ax = 0x300;                 /* DPMI issue real interrupt    */
    r.h.bl = intno;
    r.h.bh = 0;
    r.x.cx = 0;
    sr.es = sr.ds;
    r.e.edi = (uint)regs;
    PM_int386x(0x31, &r, &r, &sr);  /* Issue the interrupt          */
}

#define IN(reg)     rmregs.reg = in->e.reg
#define OUT(reg)    out->e.reg = rmregs.reg

int PMAPI PM_int86(int intno, RMREGS *in, RMREGS *out)
{
    DPMI_regs   rmregs;

    memset(&rmregs, 0, sizeof(rmregs));
    IN(eax); IN(ebx); IN(ecx); IN(edx); IN(esi); IN(edi);

    DPMI_int86(intno,&rmregs);      /* DPMI issue real interrupt    */

    OUT(eax); OUT(ebx); OUT(ecx); OUT(edx); OUT(esi); OUT(edi);
    out->x.cflag = rmregs.flags & 0x1;
    return out->x.ax;
}

int PMAPI PM_int86x(int intno, RMREGS *in, RMREGS *out,
    RMSREGS *sregs)
{
    DPMI_regs   rmregs;

    memset(&rmregs, 0, sizeof(rmregs));
    IN(eax); IN(ebx); IN(ecx); IN(edx); IN(esi); IN(edi);
    rmregs.es = sregs->es;
    rmregs.ds = sregs->ds;

    DPMI_int86(intno,&rmregs);      /* DPMI issue real interrupt    */

    OUT(eax); OUT(ebx); OUT(ecx); OUT(edx); OUT(esi); OUT(edi);
    sregs->es = rmregs.es;
    sregs->cs = rmregs.cs;
    sregs->ss = rmregs.ss;
    sregs->ds = rmregs.ds;
    out->x.cflag = rmregs.flags & 0x1;
    return out->x.ax;
}

#pragma pack(1)

typedef struct {
      uint    LargestBlockAvail;
      uint    MaxUnlockedPage;
      uint    LargestLockablePage;
      uint    LinAddrSpace;
      uint    NumFreePagesAvail;
      uint    NumPhysicalPagesFree;
      uint    TotalPhysicalPages;
      uint    FreeLinAddrSpace;
      uint    SizeOfPageFile;
      uint    res[3];
      } MemInfo;

#pragma pack()

void PMAPI PM_availableMemory(ulong *physical,ulong *total)
{
    PMREGS  r;
    PMSREGS sr;
    MemInfo memInfo;

    PM_segread(&sr);
    r.x.ax = 0x500;                 /* DPMI get free memory info */
    sr.es = sr.ds;
    r.e.edi = (uint)&memInfo;
    PM_int386x(0x31, &r, &r, &sr);  /* Issue the interrupt */
    *physical = memInfo.NumPhysicalPagesFree * 4096;
    *total = memInfo.LargestBlockAvail;
    if (*total < *physical)
      *physical = *total;
}

#endif

#ifndef __16BIT__

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Call the VBE/Core software interrupt to change display banks.
****************************************************************************/
void PMAPI PM_setBankA(
    int bank)
{
    DPMI_regs   regs;
    memset(&regs, 0, sizeof(regs));
    regs.eax = 0x4F05;
    regs.ebx = 0x0000;
    regs.edx = bank;
    DPMI_int86(0x10,&regs);
}

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Call the VBE/Core software interrupt to change display banks.
****************************************************************************/
void PMAPI PM_setBankAB(
    int bank)
{
    DPMI_regs   regs;
    memset(&regs, 0, sizeof(regs));
    regs.eax = 0x4F05;
    regs.ebx = 0x0000;
    regs.edx = bank;
    DPMI_int86(0x10,&regs);
    regs.eax = 0x4F05;
    regs.ebx = 0x0001;
    regs.edx = bank;
    DPMI_int86(0x10,&regs);
}

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Call the VBE/Core software interrupt to change display start address.
****************************************************************************/
void PMAPI PM_setCRTStart(
    int x,
    int y,
    int waitVRT)
{
    DPMI_regs   regs;
    memset(&regs, 0, sizeof(regs));
    regs.eax = 0x4F07;
    regs.ebx = waitVRT;
    regs.ecx = x;
    regs.edx = y;
    DPMI_int86(0x10,&regs);
}

#endif

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Function to get the file attributes for a specific file.
****************************************************************************/
uint PMAPI PM_getFileAttr(
    const char *filename)
{
    /* TODO: Implement this! */
    return 0;
}

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Function to get the file time and date for a specific file.
****************************************************************************/
ibool PMAPI PM_getFileTime(
    const char *filename,
    ibool gmTime,
    PM_time *time)
{
    /* TODO: Implement this! */
    return false;
}

/****************************************************************************
REMARKS:
Function to set the file time and date for a specific file.
****************************************************************************/
ibool PMAPI PM_setFileTime(
    const char *filename,
    ibool gmTime,
    PM_time *time)
{
    /* TODO: Implement this! */
    return false;
}

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